Post Indonesian revolutionary war (1945-1950), many victims were physically injured and suffered mental illness. The Rehabilitation Center of Prof. R. Soeharso Surakarta became Asia’s first and largest rehabilitation center implementing the integrated concept of rehabilitation services. It was the referral center not only in Indonesia but also in the Asia-Pacific region in the 1950s-1970s. It not only provided medical treatment, but also the empowerment of the economy, social, and culture of the people with disabilities, notably providing equal treatment for women and girls with disabilities. The archives consist of textual (475 files), and photographic (2157) documents).